Purple Tang - Captive Bred

Zebrasoma xanthurum

(4 Reviews)

Purple Tang - Captive Bred

Purple Tang - Captive Bred

Zebrasoma xanthurum

(4 Reviews)

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Purple Tang - Captive Bred Care Facts

Care Level: Easy
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet: Omnivore
Reef Safe: Yes
Minimum Tank Size: 120 gallons
Max Size: 10 inches

Purple Tang - Captive Bred

The captive bred Purple Tang (Zebrasoma xanthurum), also known as the Purple Sailfin Tang or Yellowtail Sailfin Tang, thrives in environments with hiding spots and ample swimming space. Generally reef-safe, it may graze on algae but requires secure anchoring for corals. With a maximum size of 10 inches and a lifespan of 7-10 years, it needs a tank of at least 120 gallons. Proper water conditions are crucial for their health and longevity. Maintain a pH level between 8.1 and 8.4, a salinity level of 1.020-1.025, and a stable temperature between 74-80°F (23-27°C). A well-functioning protein skimmer and adequate water flow are recommended to maintain water quality. Its diet consists of marine algae sheets, pellets, and occasional live or frozen foods. Aquacultured specimens from Saltwaterfish.com ensure health and adaptability. While generally peaceful, they may become territorial with similar species. Compatible tank mates include Flame Angelfish, Emperor Angelfish, Royal Gramma, Cleaner Wrasse, and Lyretail Anthias.

Habitat and Distribution

Indigenous to the Indo-Pacific region, from the Red Sea to the western Pacific Ocean, the Purple Tang thrives in coral reef ecosystems, adding a regal touch to well-maintained aquariums.

Reef Compatibility

Generally reef-safe, the Purple Tang prefers algae over coral polyps but benefits from a varied algae-based diet to ensure optimal health.

Size and Lifespan:

Growing up to 9 to 10 inches (23 to 25 cm), Purple Tangs can grace aquariums for over a decade with proper care.


Primarily herbivorous, the Purple Tang requires a diet rich in algae and vegetation, including marine pellets, seaweed sheets, and fresh greens.

Aquaculture Potential:

Available in the aquarium trade, aquacultured Purple Tangs support sustainable practices. Saltwaterfish.com offers reasonably priced specimens from reputable US aquaculture facilities.


Spirited and territorial, the captive bred Purple Tang should be introduced last to minimize aggression towards tank mates.

Suitable Tank Mates:

Tank Requirements and Water Conditions:

A minimum tank size of 120 gallons with proper filtration, consistent water quality, and optimal lighting is essential for the well-being of the captive bred Purple Tang.

Other Common Names:

The Purple Tang is also known as the "Yellowtail Sailfin Tang" or scientifically as "Zebrasoma xanthurum."

Showed up very healthy and eating macro algae and frozen food right away.

Reviewed by: Keith Blair on May 13, 2024

Beautiful fish and they started eating right away.

Reviewed by: Robert Steele on March 25, 2024

Beautiful fish and they started eating right away.

Reviewed by: Robert Steele on March 25, 2024

The fish arrived on time, and was in good condition. So far the fish is doing well in my tank. I plan to order others.

Reviewed by: Glenn Davis Ii on Aug. 1, 2023

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